This one was a neighbor to a population of Gambel’s oak (Quercus gambelii) and a few New Mexico locusts (Robinia neomexicana) on a seep in the foothills of the Front Range of Southern Rocky Mountains. Elevation was about 9,000 to 9,500 feet. FRES No. 19 (Aspen-Birch Forest and Woodland Ecosystem). There was no meaningful Kuchler unit for western quaking aspen. Ponderosa pine is one of the most fire-tolerant of western conifers. It seemed likely that establshment (invasion) of Douglas-fir in the understorey of the ponderosa pine stand had been more plentiful under the existing policy (direct and de facto) fire suppression. Pinyon pine was absent from this range vegetation. Rather the single determining problem was unnatural excess cover of Utah juniper.
Both species were also represented by dead and downed timber indicating that both had co-existed for several generations. Snake Range, Great Basin National Park, White Pine County, Nevada, June, full-bloom phenology. 25. Lanceleaf stonecrop (Sedum lanceolatum)- This showy little fellow was growing on just one more rockpile on the curl-leaf mountain mahogany scrub range shown above. This coloration is distinctive and userful for purposes of identifiction. Mature bark of limber pine is moderately to deeply furrowed and with a pattern of relataively large, oblong plates. June, full-bloom stage of phenological development. 27. Inflorescences of basin butterweed or Unita groundsel- Flowers and fruit (achene) on the individual shown in the preceding photograph. Such was the perspective in the following treatment of range cover types in Great Basin and Colorado Plateau montane forests.
Great Basin National Park., White Pine County, Nevada. Douglas-fir and white fir tend to dominate with Engelmann spruce and limber pine from forest communities of still higher elevation being associate or subordinate species. The spikemosses are some of the most primitive vascular plants in the Great Basin or surrounding provinces. Forest Service (1940, G34) wrote that this bunchgrass «ranks with the choicest forage grasses in palatability» and that it was «… relished by all classes of livestock». Arnow (in Welsh et al., 1993, 800) noted: «fringed brome is highly palatable to all classes of livestock and to deer and elk. Hence origin of both common and scientific names of this valuable forest and range plant.